Banana trees are actually the largest flowering herbaceous plants in the world. There are many different varieties, almost all are elongated. They have slightly curved fruits having a fleshy outer peel which can be easily removed to expose white to yellow soft flesh. The fruits grow in clusters near the top, and come in a range of colors, that include green, yellow, purple, red, and brown (when ripe).
The full scientific name of bananas is Musa acuminate. Bananas, when ripened are eaten directly or as a part of juice, fruit salads, or shakes. They are good toppings for breakfast cereals for a quick burst of energy. They are found in Europe and America. Now, bananas are grown in more than 100 countries around the world. They are used to make fiber, banana wine, and even as ornamental decorations.
Bananas contain vitamin C, vitamin B6, folate, pantothenic acid, riboflavin, and niacin, trace amounts of other vitamins also. Bananas deliver a significant amount of manganese, magnesium, and copper. They are a good source of dietary fiber and protein. They are quite rich in potassium.
Bananas help in losing weight, detoxifying the body, reducing obesity, relieving constipation, curing conditions like dysentery, anemia, arthritis, gout, urinary disorders, menstrual problems, kidney disorders, intestinal disorders. They are also beneficial for improving the immune system, reducing blood pressure, cardiovascular problems, modifying the metabolism, reducing ulcers, ensuring healthy eyes, and building strong bones.
100 gm Banana contains:
Health Benefits of Banana
1. Strong bones
Bananas are one of the best fruits that guarantee strong and healthier bones. Fructooligosaccharide, a prebiotic and a probiotic, is a beneficial bacteria present in our digestive tract that boosts the intake of minerals and nutrients by the body.
Bananas are linked to increased absorption of calcium. Calcium is very important in the production and regrowth of bones, thereby reducing the chances of osteoporosis and natural weakness linked to aging.
2. Cure Ulcers
Bananas can suppress acid secretion. They have long been used as an antacid food to soothe upset stomachs. Bananas contain organic compounds that stimulate the activity of the cells in our stomach lining to build a protective barrier against acids. Moreover, bananas also contain protease inhibitors, which help eliminate the harmful bacteria that are involved in the development of stomach ulcers.
3. Healthy Kidneys
Bananas are really helpful in relieving from kidney disorders. They are a good source of potassium that helps in regulating the fluid balance in the body that ease the strain on the kidneys, encouraging urination. This does not allow the accumulation of toxins, speeding up their release from the body through increased urination.
4. Healthy Eyes
Bananas are packed with antioxidant compounds, carotenoids, minerals that boost the health of your eyes. Normal intake of bananas decrease the risks of eye diseases like cataracts, macular degeneration, and night blindness.
5. Healthy Heart
Bananas are a rich source of potassium, which acts as a vasodilator that reduces blood pressure. This relaxes the tension of arteries and veins, which allows blood to flow more smoothly and oxygenate the various organs of the body to increase their function. This help eliminates atherosclerosis, strokes, and heart attacks. The fiber content in bananas scrapes off the excess cholesterol from the arteries and blood vessels, further reducing stress on the cardiovascular system.
6. Helps in Piles or hemorrhoids
Piles are the condition where a person faces difficulty in passing stools which may also lead to bleeding. Well, bananas can be a help in treating this condition. Some people think that bananas cause negative effects on the bowels during piles as it adds a lot of bulk. Well, the primary problem with piles is excretion, and bananas definitely stimulate that process. Bananas have anti-inflammatory properties that reduce the inflammation and pain in piles.
7. Cures Anemia
Anemia occurs due to low blood cell count due to lack of iron. Bananas contain good amounts of iron which aid in treating anemia as iron is an essential part of red blood cells. They also contain a fair amount of copper, which is also an important element in the formation of red blood cells. Increased RBC count improves the blood circulation in the body and the oxygenation of the organs and optimizes their functionality. If You are anemic, consider Beetroot as well.
8. Relieves Menstrual Cramps
The cooked flowers of banana can help in relieving from painful and excessive bleeding during the menstrual cycle.
9. Good for Diarrhea
Bananas are perfect fruit to soothe the problem of diarrhea. When you are suffering from diarrhea, there is a loss of potassium, in large quantity which makes you feel weak. Bananas help to provide maximum potassium and maintain your health.
To prevent these problems, it is advised to take at least 4-5 bananas daily.
10. Energy booster
Bananas make up a great breakfast. They are great energy boosters as they provide requisite energy all through the day. They convert sugars into energy, instantly, the reason why they are favored by athletes. Bananas are rich in potassium which help in regulating the blood circulation of the body and help deliver oxygen to the brain.
11. Reduces cholesterol
Bananas contain a soluble fiber Pectin, which helps reduce the bad cholesterol levels in the body. Bananas works effectively by decreasing the LDL cholesterol without affecting the levels of the HDL cholesterol.
12. Repair bad hairs
Having dry and damaged hair? Then get some bananas and let’s have some magic with them. Vitamin A and C present in bananas moisturize your hair and repair them from roots to the tips. You just need to apply the banana mask and leave for 1 hour and wash off. You will feel the difference in your hairs.
13. Improves Memory
Bananas are nature’s gift to sharpen your memory. They stimulate brain cells and also boost memory. They contain tryptophan which helps to preserve memory and uplifts the mood. It is one of the best fruit for growing children and also for the one who is going through the education process.
14. Cures Constipation
Constipation is the choked condition of the digestive system. The person faces some hard feces that are difficult to expel out of the body. This situation usually occurs when the large intestine absorbs too much of water from the processed food. The slower the processing of food, the more large intestines will absorb the water from the food. This makes the feces hard and dry, making difficult to move the bowel out of the body.
Banana has a nutrient called pectin that helps improves the bowel movement in the body and alleviate constipation. So whenever you are in this situation eat 2 bananas regularly to get rid of it.
15. Helps in Insomnia
If you are having sleepless nights then try out these bananas, they are what you need for sleep. Bananas are rich in Tryptophan that helps to produce sleep hormones known as melatonin. Having a banana before going to bed can help you have a peaceful sleep.
16. Cure warts
The outside of the banana peel has healing properties. If your feet has warts and this problem does not let you walk properly then try this fine solution- wrap a banana peel around your foot and tape it up. This will make the outside of the banana peel rub against warts and will help warts to go away in a short span of time.
17. Healthier Skin
Banana is a great natural moisturizer for skin. They are filled with vitamin A that helps the body to restore the moisture and repair your damaged, dry skin. Apply banana pulp to your skin and wash after 20-25minutes. Your skin will feel fresh and supple. In the case of dry or flaky skin, add a teaspoon of honey to your mask. This gives extra moisturization to your skin.
18. Weight loss
Bananas contain a lot of fiber which makes them easy to digest. They have approximately 90 calories which make them suitable for the person who wants to lose weight. Moreover, they don’t contain any fats. Bananas reduce overeating, as they keep the stomach full for a long time, which keep a person healthy, helping them naturally lose weight.
19. Acne problems
You have a date next week and then pops out your pimple. Well, acne is a major problem amongst youngsters. Bananas are very effective face pack that can be used to treat acne. Apply banana peel on acne and rub it for at least 10 minutes and then wash your face. Repeat this method 3 times a day to reduce acne.
20. Mosquito bites
Mosquito bites many of times cause itchiness and pain. Now, to get rid of this you only need a banana. Eat the banana but don’t throw the peel. Rub the inside part of peel on mosquito bites. This will reduce the inflammation and itchiness caused by mosquito bites. Follow this remedy whenever required.
Tips to have bananas for maximum health benefits:
- Bananas make a great breakfast. You can have them with your oatmeal, toast, bread, puddings.
- For your lunchtime you can make a dish prepared with bananas like- chicken curry with banana, raisins, and peanuts; tofu, sugar snap peas and banana risotto, curry banana stir fry etc.
- You can have shakes, smoothies, pies, cakes made of bananas for your evening.
- Consuming excess of bananas can cause blood sugar and fat issues. So keep a check on the amount you eat.
- Test little area of the skin before applying banana on whole skin to avoid any sort of inflammation.
- Consume only ripe bananas. Unripe bananas may cause pain in stomach.
- Avoid contact with eyes, if you are applying bananas near the eyes.
- Do not keep a peeled banana for a long time. It loses its most nutrients and turns out black.